Volume 11, Issue 2 (2020)                   JMBS 2020, 11(2): 177-184 | Back to browse issues page

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1- fereydounkenar
2- Noor
3- Sari
Abstract:   (2270 Views)
Diabetes mellitus is a major health problem in the worldwide. Inhibition of DPP-IV is one of the methods to control diabetes type 2. Inhibition of this enzyme may improve glycemic control in diabetics by preventing the rapid breakdown and there by prolonging the physiological action of incretin hormones. Furthermore, improving the antioxidant system in diabetic patients can prevent the occurrence of secondary disease caused by oxidative stress. Therefore, the head of skipjack tuna was hydrolyzed with alcalase enzyme (1/5% of raw material weight) for 4 hours, in order to produce a product with antidiabetic and antioxidant activities. The DPP-IV inhibition activity, DPPH radical scavenging activity and reducing power of hydrolysate were measured. The results showed that the skipjack tuna head protein hydrolysate possess bioactive properties in a concentration dependent manner and increasing the protein concentration leads to a significant increase in bioactive properties of hydrolyzed product (p≤0.05). The IC50 of protein hydrolysate in DPP-IV inhibition and DPPH radical scavenging activities were obtained 1.016±0.02 mg/ml and 0.297±0.015 mg/ml, respectively. Also the reducing power of hydrolysate was 0.176±0.002 in 2.5 mg/ml protein concentration. Overall, according to the obtained results, it can be concluded that protein hydrolysate of skipjack tuna head possess high antioxidant and antidiabetic activities in vitro, and can be used as a food additive to enhance health level if additional research be conducted.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Agricultural Biotechnology
Received: 2016/09/9 | Accepted: 2020/06/6 | Published: 2020/06/6

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