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Ghoreishi F, Etemadifar ‎ Z. Heavy Metal Removal by Phosphate Solubilizing Extraced from ‎Metal Waste and Phosphatase Enzyme Role in the Removal ‎. JMBS 2018; 9 (1) :9-16
URL: http://biot.modares.ac.ir/article-22-14277-en.html
1- Biology Department, Science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2- Biology Department, Science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Biology Department, Science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jarib Sreet, Isfahan, Iran. Postal Code: ‎‎8174673441‎ , zetemedifar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (9060 Views)
Aims: Heavy metals are one of the most important pollutants in earth and water environments due to long-term durability. The aim of this study was to isolate phosphate solubilizing bacteria from metal waste, investigate the amount of resistance, remove the metal by it and the effect of phosphatase on removal of metals.
Materials & Methods: In this experimental study, the isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and detection of isolates were carried out, using biochemical and molecular tests. The phosphatase was measured by colorimetric method, the resistance of the separated to the metals with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC50), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and the rate of removal of metals by atomic absorption was measured. The surface changes of the exposed metal cells were investigated by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and the effect of phosphatase on metal removal. Data analysis was done with Duncan's test, using Excel 2013 and SPSS 20 software.
Findings: Serratia proteamaculans was identified as producer of the acid phosphatase. The highest MIC and MBC were obtained for Nickel (Ni) and Lead (Pb), respectively. The most metal removal was for Pb. MIC50 of Chrome and Cadmium were obtained less than 0.1mM and 1mM, and their removal percentage by the isolate were 18% and 48%, respectively. According to the FTIR, 988.339cm-1 wavelength was observed in the cells treated by 5mM Pb that is related to the Pb3(PO4)2. The isolate showed the highest resistance and removal of Pb. The mechanism of Ni removal was associated to the cell surface, while Pb was removed by both of the cells and supernatant containing phosphatase.
Conclusion: Serratia proteamaculans is the phosphate solubilizing bacterium in metal waste. This bacterium produces an enzyme called phosphatase, which is a cause of lead removal.
Full-Text [PDF 642 kb]   (2108 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Agricultural Biotechnology
Received: 2016/04/19 | Accepted: 2017/10/7 | Published: 2018/05/22

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