Volume 10, Issue 1 (2019)                   JMBS 2019, 10(1): 151-157 | Back to browse issues page

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Shojaei F, Homaei A, Taherizadeh M, Kamrani E. Enhancing Activity and Stability of Penaeus vannamei Protease against Heavy Metal Poisoning via immobilization on Chitosan Nanoparticles. JMBS 2019; 10 (1) :151-157
URL: http://biot.modares.ac.ir/article-22-15621-en.html
1- Marine Biology Department, Marine Science & Technology Faculty, Hormozgan University, Bandar
2- Biochemistry Department, Science Faculty, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran, Biochemistry Department, Science Faculty, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran. Postal Code: 7916193145 , a.homaei@hormozgan.ac.ir
3- Marine Biology Department, Marine Science & Technology Faculty, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (5754 Views)
Enzymes of marine organisms are ideal candidates for biomonitoring of pollution in marine environments. For the widespread use of enzymes in industrial processes, carried out under certain physico-chemical conditions, their stability must be improved. In this study, for the first time, chitosan nanoparticles were used as matrices for augmenting the stability of Penaeus vannamei (Whiteleg shrimp)-derived purified proteases against metallic ions. For the electrostatic binding of the enzyme to the chitosan nanoparticles, the protein solution at a concentration of 7mg/ml was added to the nanoparticles, and incubated for 4 hours at 10°C. After 3 times rinsing with phosphate buffer of pH=7.5, the nano-enzyme was dissolved in 1ml phosphate buffer, and used for further studies. The results of this study showed that Fe2+ and Mn2+ significantly increased the enzyme activity, whereas a strong inhibitory effect was observed in the presence of Cd2+, Hg2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+, and a weak inhibitory effect in the presence of Na+ and K+. The immobilized enzyme exhibited greater resistance to metal ions than its free counterpart. The free enzyme was susceptible to the presence of metal ions, and with the increment of their concentrations, enzyme activity declines. From this nexus, it could be inferred that the high stability of immobilized enzyme is due to the presence of chitosan nanoparticles. Stability retention of the immobilized enzyme at high concentrations of metal ions indicates the efficacy and utility of the immobilization method in industrial enzyme technology.
Full-Text [PDF 640 kb]   (1352 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Agricultural Biotechnology
Received: 2017/07/19 | Accepted: 2018/01/13 | Published: 2019/03/16

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