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1- Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , v.jafarian@znu.ac.ir
2- M.Sc. of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (919 Views)
Nowadays, the peptides and proteins possessing anti-cancer, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties are used for disease treatment. Brazzein is a sweet protein containing 54 amino acids and according to reports, it has anti-cancer properties based on sequence and structurehas sequence. In this study, the role of position 40 aspartate in the structure and function of wild brazzein protein and mutants as well as the anti-cancer properties of the peptides obtained on the TLR5 receptor were investigated. For this, several models of mutated forms were designed and constructed using Modeller.v.9.20 software. Then, the accuracy of the models and the physico-chemical properties of wild type (WT) and mutants of D40N, D40R and D40Deletion were evaluated using various bioinformatics servers and softwares including ProtParam, ProtScale, SAVES, PIC, ModEval, and PredyFlexy. For predicting anticancer properties, the sequence of WT protein and mutants was examined and compared using ACPred and iACP servers. The quality and analysis of WT protein and mutants binding as a ligand with TLR5 receptor, triggering an anti-cancer signaling pathway, were investigated through molecular docking using HADDOCK software.The results of bioinformatics parameters analysis indicated the possibility of improving the stability of brazzein structure and function, and the probability of increasing the available surface to bind to the receptor. Moreover, based on the results of molecular docking analyses, the ability binding TLR5 receptor was higher in D40R than the other proteins indicating an increased probability in anti-cancer properties of the mutant.
     
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Bioinformatics
Received: 2020/12/29 | Accepted: 2022/10/30

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