Volume 9, Issue 4 (2018)                   JMBS 2018, 9(4): 537-547 | Back to browse issues page

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Mashjoor S, Yousefzadi M, Zolgharnain H, Kamrani E, Alishahi M. Genotoxicity of magnetic Iron oxide )Fe3O4 (nanoparticles in red blood cells of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) using micronucleus assay under acute and chronic treatments. JMBS 2018; 9 (4) :537-547
URL: http://biot.modares.ac.ir/article-22-14887-en.html
1- Marine Biology Department, Marine Science & Technology Faculty, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2- Marine Biology Department, Marine Science & Technology Faculty, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran, University of Hormozgan, 9 Kilometer Minab Road, Bandar Abbas, Iran. Postal Code: 7916193145
3- Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science & Technology, Khoramshahr University of Marine Science & Technology, Khoramshahr, Iran
4- Clinical Sciences Department, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (8143 Views)
Aims: In nanoecotoxicology science, fish erythrocyte micronucleus assay for the monitoring genotoxic potential of nanoparticles is a powerful biomarker. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating genotoxicity of magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles in red blood cells of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) using micronucleus assay under acute and chronic treatment. Materials and Methods: In the current experimental study, the genotoxit toxicology of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was performed during an acute (96 hours; 5 concentrations including 0, 10, 100, 500, and 1000 mg/l) and chronic (14 days; 3 concentrations including 0, 100, and 500 mg/l) of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in three replications. The data were analyzed by IBM SPSS 19, using two-way ANOVA, and Duncan's new multiple range test.
Findings: Acute exposure to Fe3O4 nanoparticles had no acute toxicity effect juvenile carp (C. carpio). By increasing the concentration of nanoparticles in a 96-hour interval, the frequency of micronucleus () and other abnormal forms around the red blood cell nucleus of juvenile carps showed a significant increase compared to the control group (p<0.05). In the chronic treatment at concentrations of 100 and 500 mg/l of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, the rate of increase in the frequency of micronucleus was similar to the acute functional test of concentration.
Conclusion: Although Fe3O4 nanoparticles do not have acute toxicity effects in common carp and are non-toxic, they tend to induce genotoxic effects by increasing the frequency of micronucleus and other abnormalities of the red blood cell core during a concentration-dependent process. So, it seems that the release of FeO4NPs into the environment, it is probable adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems.
Full-Text [PDF 909 kb]   (3223 Downloads)    
Article Type: _ | Subject: Agricultural Biotechnology
Received: 2017/05/8 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2018/12/21

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