Volume 9, Issue 2 (2018)                   JMBS 2018, 9(2): 233-239 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Barkhordari K, Sorooshzadeh A, Mokhtassi-Bidgoli A. Allelopathic Effect of Extraction Solution of Leaves and Corms of Saffron (Crocus sativus) in Phenological Stages on Seed Germination of Jimson Weed (Datura stramonium). JMBS 2018; 9 (2) :233-239
URL: http://biot.modares.ac.ir/article-22-15749-en.html
1- Agronomy Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Agronomy Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, Agronomy Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Nasr Bridge, Jalal-Al-Ahmad Highway, Tehran, Iran , soroosh@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3990 Views)
Aims: Saffron is one of the plants, whose allelopathic effect of various organs have been reported to affect seed germination of some weed species. The present research was conducted with the aim of evaluating the allelopathic effect of extraction solution of leaves and corms of saffron (Crocus sativus) in phenological stages on seed germination of jimson weed (Datura stramonium).
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, an experiment was conducted to study the allelopathic effects of saffron on jimson weed seed germination at research farm, Tarbiat Modares University Faculty of Agriculture in autumn 2014. The experiment was arranged as factorial split plot in a completely randomized design with 3 replications. The treatments included factorial combination of 2 extract types (water and alcohol), 3 tissue compositions of saffron organs, different concentrations of aqueous, and alcoholic extracts as the main plots and 3 different phonological stages of saffron were considered as sub-plots. One-way analysis of variance was performed through generalized linear model (GLM), using SAS 9.1 software, and drawing charts was done, using Excel2013 software.
Findings: The concentration and phonological stage of saffron had a significant effect on the germination percentage of Datura stramonium, but the main effect of organ type on this trait was not significant. The aqueous extract of saffron did not have significant effect on the germination of Datura stramonium germination at the phonological stage of the daughter corms at a concentration of 2g/l in comparison with other phonological stages, but at a concentration of 4g, it significantly decreased the seed germination.
Conclusion: Extract of saffron has an allelopathic potential, and germination traits, including germination percentage and plumule and radicle length of Datura stramonium in different phonological stages of saffron are affected by the aqueous and alcoholic extracts of different organs.
Full-Text [PDF 519 kb]   (1848 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Agricultural Biotechnology
Received: 2016/11/12 | Accepted: 2017/10/24 | Published: 2018/06/21

1. Babaie G, Khatabi, B, Bayat H, Rastgou M, Hosseini A, Salekdeh GH. Detection and characterization of phytoplasmas infecting ornamental and weed plants in Iran. 2007;155(6):368-72. [Link]
2. Rastegar MA. Weeds and their control methods. Tehran: University Publication Center; 1996. p. 414. [Persian] [Link]
3. Justin AC, Ingrid MP, Gregory SG. Allelopathy: Allelopathy: a tool for weed management in forest restoration. 2012;213(12):1975-89. [Link]
4. Rizvi SJ. Allelopathy: Basic and applied aspects. Heidelberg: Springer Science & Business Media; 1992. pp. 21-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/978-94-011-2376-1]
5. Nasirian F, Sorooshzadeh A, Ghanati F, Oraki H. The effect of root-zone temperature on antioxidant activities in saffron corm. Saffron Agron Technol. 2014;2(2):145-54. [Persian] [Link]
6. Ebedzadeh HR, Ahmadi K, Mohammadniaafrozy SH, Abas Taghani RA, Moradi Eslami A, Abbasi M, et al. Agricultural Statistics of the 1394-1395. 2nd ed. Tehran: Ministry of Agriculture. pp. 94-5. [Link]
7. Mohammad Abadi AA, Rezvani Moghaddam P, Sabori A. Effect of plant distance on flower yield and qualitative and quantitative characteristics of forage production of saffron (Crocus sativus) in Mashhad conditions. Acta Hortic. 2007;739:151-3. [Link] [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.739.19]
8. Khoddami A, Wilkes MA, Roberts TH. Techniques for analysis of plant phenolic compounds. Molecules. 2013;18(2):2328-75. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/molecules18022328]
9. Taheri K, Saboora A, Kiarostami K. Allelopathic effect of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) on germination and seedling growth of four sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) cultivars. Iran J Biol. 2011;24(1):89-103. [Persian] [Link]
10. Rashed Mohassel MH, Gherekhloo J, Rastgoo M. Allelopathic effects of saffron (Crocus sativus) leaves and corms on seedling growth of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) and lambsquarter (Chenopodium album). Iran J Field Crop Res. 2009;7(1):53-61. [Persian] [Link]
11. Azizi E, Alimoradi L, Jahani Kondori M, Siahmargouei A. Evaluation of allelopathic effects of saffron extract on germination and early growth of Gipsophylla pilosa and Rapistrum rugosum. J Plant Environ Physiol. 2013;8(2):1-12. [Persian] [Link]
12. Jabran K. Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control. First Ed. New York: Springer International Publishing; 2017. pp.77-85. _9 [Link] [DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-53186-1]
13. Sodaeizadeh H, Rafieiolhossaini M, Havlik J, Van Damme P. Allelopathic activity of different plant parts of Peganum harmala L. and identification of their growth inhibitors substances. Plant Growth Regul. 2009;59:227. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10725-009-9408-6]
14. Rubio A, Fernández-Nohales P, Gerwig G, Escribano J, Kamerling JP, Fernández JA. Presence of bioactive glycoconjugates on different stages of saffron corm. Acta Hortic. 2004;650:485-9. [Link] [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.650.59]
15. Hotha S, Kashyap S. "Click chemistry" inspired synthesis of pseudo-oligosaccharides and amino acid glycoconjugates. J Org Chem. 2006;71(1):364-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1021/jo051731q]
16. Mighany F. Allelopathy: From concept to application. Tehran: Partoo Vaghee; 2003. p. 256. [Persian] [Link]
17. Abbassi F, Jahani M. Allelopathic effects of saffron corms on seed germination of several important crops. Acta Hortic. 2007;739:269-73. [Link] [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.739.33]
18. Quasem JR. The allelopathic effect of three Amaranthus spp. (pigweeds) on wheat (Triticum durum). Weed Res. 1995;35(1):41-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3180.1995.tb02015.x]
19. Oracz K, Bailly C, Gniazdowska A, Côme D, Corbineau F, Bogatek R. Induction of oxidative stress by sunflower phytotoxins in germinating mustard seeds. J Chem Ecol. 2007;33(2):251-64. Epub 2007 Jan 10. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10886-006-9222-9]
20. Hamidi R, Mazaheri D, Rahimian Mashhadi H. Effect of wide barley (Hordeum spontaneum Koch) leaf and culm extracts on seed germination and seedling growth of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Weed Res J. 2110;2(2):19-28. [Persian] [Link]
21. Maighany F, Ghorbanli M, Najafpoor M. Effect of extracts of Persian and Berseem clover on peroxidase activity of field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) hypocotyls. 4th World Congress in Allelopathy Charles Sturt University (CSU), Wagga Wagga, NSW Australia, 21-26 August 2005. Wagga Wagga: Charles Sturt University; 2005. [Link]
22. Connick WJ, Bradow JM, Legendre MG. Identification and bioactivity of volatile allelochemicals from amaranth residues. J Agric Food Chem. 1989;37(3):792-6. [Link] [DOI:10.1021/jf00087a049]
23. Seigler DS. Chemistry and mechanisms of allelopathic interaction. Agron J. 1996;88(6):876-85. [Link] [DOI:10.2134/agronj1996.00021962003600060006x]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.