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1- Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
2- Tarbiat Modares university, Tehran
3- Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (218 Views)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), is a small homodimeric signaling protein. The TGF-β isoforms (TGFβ1, β2 and β3) are involved in many cellular processes including growth inhibition, extracellular matrix remodeling, tissue development, cell migration, invasion and immune regulation. For research aims, TGFβs are overexpressed using recombinant eukaryotic cell or bacterial expression systems. For achieving an efficient purification of TGF-β by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC), a histidine tag was placed either at the C-terminal (C-TGFβ) or N-terminal (N-TGFβ) region of the sequence and the effect of His-tag on TGF-β structure has been studied by computational tools. Proteins 3D structures were modeled using MODELLER software and molecular dynamics simulation of native TGF-β and modelled proteins, N-TGFβ and C-TGFβ were studied in water by GROMACS package. Protein dynamics modeling indicated that the His-tag attached at the C-terminus but not at the N-terminus of the TGF-β can affect the fluctuations of amino acids and protein structure. It is concluded that the C-terminal tagging may cause distortion and misfolding in the structure.
Subject: Agricultural Biotechnology
Received: 2018/03/1 | Accepted: 2021/07/1

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